Birbhum, popularly called the "Land of Red Soil", historically known as Vajjabhumi or Bajrabhumi, is an undulating upland, the eastern portion is more fertile, merging with the Gangetic plain. The place boast of a rich culture and heritage and celebrate every festival with great pomp and show, especially the notable Poush Mela.
By Air: Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose International Airport is the nearest airdrome, located about 160 km from Birbhum.
By Rail: The Howrah-Sahibganj loop of the Eastern Railway passes through this place. While the junction at Nalhati connects Birbhum to Azimganj in Murshidabad district, the Andal-Sainthia line connects it to the main Howrah-Delhi main line.
By Road: Birbhum is very well connected to the other places as the Panagarh-Moregram Expressway linking Grand Trunk Road (NH 2) with NH 5 cuts across the place.