Koriya, derived its Name from the Koriya State, came into existence after the formation of New State of Chhattisgarh on 1st November 2000.
Little is known of the area before the 16th century. Koriya was a princely state of British India; the other princely state that lay within the Koriya District was Chang Bhakhar. After Indian Independence in 1947, the rulers of Koriya and Chang Bhakhar acceded to the Government of India, and Koriya was made part Surguja District of Madhya Pradesh state. The District of Koriya came into existence on May 25, 1998, when it was carved out of Surguja District. After the formation of the new state of Chhattisgarh on November 1, 2000, Koriya District became part of the new state.