Palamau, situated on the Koel River, is named after late Colonel Dalton, Commissioner of Chhotanagpur in 1861. It is well known for wildlife, forests and rich deposits of minerals. It is situated within the lndo-Malayan realm and is rich in flora and fauna.
Air: Ranchi, situated around 140 km away, is the nearest airport with regular air connections to Delhi, Calcutta, Patna and Lucknow.
Rail: The nearest important railway station is Daltongunj, connected to many places in the region with regular trains. Ranchi and Gaya are also convenient railway stations for the tourists coming from Delhi and Calcutta respectively.
Road: The sanctuary is well connected to other cities in the region by regular buses run by the state transport corporation and private companies.